Bidar (Kannada: , Urdu: ) is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. Located on the Deccan Plateau in the north-eastern part of Karnataka. It is the headquarters of the Bidar District.which shares its border with the Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh.It is north-est district of Karnataka state. It is also called as crown of karnataka.
Bidar city is known for its Bidri handicraft products. Manjira River is one of the main rivers supplying drinking water to Bidar .
Bidar is located at . It has an average elevation of 615 metres (2017 feet).Old name of Bidar was MOHAMMADABAD Bidar is a charming district- one of its charms being a very bracing climate practically throughout the district and for the greater part of the year. April and may are the hot months, but even during this hot weather period, the heat is often broken by sharp and sudden thunder showers. By early June the south-west monsoon sets in with all its pleasant coolness and the weather is back to its bracing glory. The cold weather is never too cold and the rainfall is never excessive though its excessive variation is often the cause, symptom and malaise of severe droughts. One other aspect of its charm is that it is full of history- every village and town being replete with monuments, legends, stories of velour, romance of beautiful princesses, long forgotten battles, feuding military adventurers and even of social reform movements that shook the very foundation and structure of medieval Hinduism.
Present day Bidar covering an expanse of 5448 square kilometers of land lies between 17 o 35 !! and 18o 25!! North latitudes and 760 42!! minutes and 770 39!! east longitudes, with the districts of Nizamabad and Medak in Andhra Pradesh on the East and the districts of Nanded and Osmanabad in Maharashtra on the west. On the south lies the district of Gulbarga of Karnataka. This central position in the Deccan had for long imparted to Bidar, the pre-eminent position in the history of the Deccan though to-day it presents a picture of centuries of neglect and ruin.
Entrance to the Bidar Fort
Bidar has lots of historical monuments from Bahmani era. The structure of the great Mahmud Gawan Arabic University is reminiscent of the rich architecture of the Bahmani era. The Bidar Fort situated next to the city is one of the biggest forts in India. File:Panaromic Entrance View.jpg|Panaromic Entrance View of Bidar Fort Image:BidarMadarsa.jpg|Arabic University Mahmud Gawan
Places of interest
- Guru Nanak Jhira Gurudwara, Place where Guru Nanak Dev ji has produced the spring of drinking water by touching a rock with his toe.
- Hazrath Shamsuddin Quadri Shrine popularly known as multani Badshah.
- Choukhandi. The popular barid shahi tombs and a Jail made by the British before independence.
- Narasimha Zharna (Lord Narasimha Temple), Papnash (Shiva Temple)
- Bidar fort at Bidar, the great Friday mosque at Bidar, Nayee kamaan (fell down being built)
- Madarsa (university) of Mahmmed Gawan
- Choubara (watch tower)at Bidar, several dargahs (mausoleums) of local Islamic saints
- Basveshvara Temple
- Barid shahi garden
- Tomb of Mahmmed Gawan
- Kalyani shariff, 12th Century Cave
- Kalyan shariff, Kalyan Fort
- Bidri Art Materials at Old City.
- Molige Marayya's Cave temple Molkera
- Papnash Temple. It is believed that Lord Sri Rama, on the way to Ayodhya from Lanka after defeating Ravana, visited this place and that resulted in the temple which would wash off his act of killing Ravana who is a Shiva Bhakt.
- Basava Kalyan. This city is place of Basveshwar and has lot of information and holy places about Basveshwara.
- Bidar Fort. The fort was one the largest and strongest forts in India. It was built in 15th century.
- Gurudwara. Gurdwara Nanak Jhira Sahib is a Sikh historical shrine. One of the most popular south Indian historical gurudwara's amongst the Sikh community all over the India.
- Manik Prabhu Temple. Situated 53 km away from the city of Bidar, Manik Prabhu Temple is a unique architectural beauty and a major spiritual and religious centre. The Manik Prabhu temple is built over a Sanjeevani Samaadhi of a Saint- Shri Sadguru Manik Prabhu Maharaj and his spiritual stature and holy presence is still maintained by his 6th successor Shri Sadguru Dnyanraj Manik Prabhu Maharaj. The temple attracts both Hindu and Muslim devotees. The temple administration is carried out by Shri Manik Prabhu Samsthan which runs a number of social and charitable institutions since 140 years.
As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Bidar in 2011 is 211,944; of which male and female are 109,435 and 102,509 respectively.Average literacy rate of Bidar city is 87.65 percent of which male and female literacy was 92.88 and 82.08 percent respectively. Total children (0-6) in Bidar city are 25,077 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 13,103 boys while 11,974 are girls. Child sex ratio of girls is 914 per 1000 boys.
Kannada is the official language and spoken by majority of the people, while Marathi, Dakhni Urdu and Hindi are the other langauges spoken by significant number of population .
- Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Narayanpur ,Bidar
- Kendriya Vidyalaya Bidar
- Air Force School
- Government Polytechnic College
- Nitture Polytechnic College
- Bidar Institute of Medical Sciences(BRIMS)
- B.V.Bhoomreddy College.
- Karnataka Veterinary and Fisheries Sciences University (KVAFSU)
- Karnataka Art, Science and Commerce College
- Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College
- S. B. Patil Dental College.
- Lingaraj appa college of engineering
- Guru Nanak Public School
- Government Polytechnic College
- Gurayya Bacha High School
- Government Medical College, Bidar
- Guru Nanak First Grade Science College
- Shaheen Women's Degree & PU College Bidar
- Al-Ameen Women's Degree & PU College Bidar
- Parimala High School Bidar
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