Bernard Stiegler (born 1 April 1952, Seine-et-Oise) is a French philosopher at Goldsmiths, University of London and at the Universit de Technologie de Compi gne. In addition, he is Director of the Institut de recherche et d'innovation (IRI), founder in 2005 of the political and cultural group, Ars Industrialis, and founder in 2010 of the philosophy school, Ecole de Philosophie d Epineuil-le-Fleuriel. His best known work is Technics and Time, 1: The Fault of Epimetheus.
Influences and themes
Stiegler's work is influenced by, among others, Sigmund Freud, Andr Leroi-Gourhan, Gilbert Simondon, Friedrich Nietzsche, Paul Val ry, Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, and Jacques Derrida.
Key themes are technology, time, individuation, consumerism, consumer capitalism, technological convergence, digitization, Americanization, and the future of politics and human society.
Between 1978 and 1983 Stiegler was incarcerated for armed robbery, first at the Prison Saint-Michel in Toulouse, and then at the Centre de d tention in Muret. It was during this period that he became interested in philosophy, studying it by correspondence with G rard Granel at the Universit de Toulouse-Le-Mirail. His transformation in prison is recounted in his book, Passer l acte (2003; the English translation of this work is included in the 2009 volume, Acting Out).
In 1987 88, with Catherine Counot, Stiegler commissioned an exhibition at the Centre Georges-Pompidou, entitled M moires du futur: biblioth ques et technologies. Stiegler defended his thesis at the cole des Hautes tudes en Sciences Sociales in 1992. He has been a Director at the Coll ge international de philosophie, and is a Professor at the Universit de Technologie at Compi gne. He has held the positions of Director General at the Institut National de l'Audiovisuel (INA), and Director General at the Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique (IRCAM).
On 1 January 2006 he commenced as Director of the Department of Cultural Development at the Centre Georges-Pompidou. He is currently Director of the Institut de recherche et d'innovation (IRI), which was created at his initiative in April 2006. The IRI is affiliated with the Department of Cultural Development.
Stiegler has since 2009 been a Professorial Fellow at the Centre for Cultural Studies, Goldsmiths, University of London.
In 2010, Stiegler opened his own philosophy school in the French town of pineuil-le-Fleuriel.
Stiegler has been prolifically publishing books, articles, and interviews since 1994, and in particular in the last several years. His works include several ongoing series of books:
La technique et le temps (3 vols.). The Technics and Time series outlines the heart of Stiegler's philosophical project, and in particular his theses that the role of technics has been repressed throughout the history of philosophy, and that technics, as organised inorganic matter, and as essentially a form of memory, is constitutive of human temporality. The series contains extensive readings of the works of Andr Leroi-Gourhan, Martin Heidegger, Edmund Husserl, and Immanuel Kant. It also contains his explication of the "cinematic constitution of consciousness," as well as his thesis that human beings are essentially "adoptive" creatures. Stiegler has at times mentioned further volumes of this series, but these have yet to appear. All three extant volumes have been published in English translation by Stanford University Press.
De la mis re symbolique (2 vols.). This series is concerned in particular with the ways in which cultural, symbolic and informational technologies have become a means of industrialising the formation of desire in the service of production, with destructive consequences for psychic and collective individuation. Stiegler outlines his concepts of "general organology" (a way of thinking the co-individuation of human organs, technical organs, and social organisations) and "genealogy of the sensible" (a way of thinking the historicity of human desire and aesthetics). It contains extensive readings of Sigmund Freud and Gilles Deleuze, as well as of the works of Alain Resnais, Bertrand Bonello, Andy Warhol, and Joseph Beuys.
M cr ance et Discr dit (3 vols.). The Disbelief and Discredit series is concerned with the way in which the industrial organisation of production and then consumption has had destructive consequences for the modes of life of human beings, in particular with the way in which the loss of savoir-faire and savoir-vivre (that is, the loss of the knowledge of how to do and how to live), has resulted in what Stiegler calls "generalised proletarianisation." In this series Stiegler makes clear his view that, in the light of the present state of the global technical system, it is not a matter of overcoming capitalism but rather of transforming its industrial basis to prevent the loss of spirit from which it increasingly suffers. In the second volume Stiegler introduces the concept of the "Antigone complex," to describe the psychosocial effects of the destruction of authority that is, the destruction of the superego on politics and youth. The series contains extensive readings of Paul Val ry, Max Weber, Aristotle, and Herbert Marcuse, as well as analyses of the crisis of May 1968 and the crime of Patricia and Emmanuel Cartier. The first volume has been published in English translation by Polity Press (2011).
Constituer l'Europe (2 vols.). In this series Stiegler is concerned with the effects of the destruction of psychic and collective individuation on Europe. He argues for the necessity of inaugurating a new individuation process at the continental level, itself embedded in an individuation process operating at a global level. At stake, he says, is the creation of a new European "motive" which will enable the reinvention of industrial civilisation.
On 18 June 2005, Stiegler founded a political and cultural group, Ars Industrialis, the manifesto of which calls for an "industrial politics of spirit." The manifesto is signed by Stiegler and the other co-founders of the group, George Collins, Marc Cr pon, Catherine Perret and Caroline Stiegler. An updated manifesto was released in 2010.
On 18 September 2010, Stiegler opened his own philosophy school in the small French town of pineuil-le-Fleuriel, in the department of Cher. The school runs a course for lyc e students in the region, a doctoral program conducted by videoconference, and a summer academy that will involve both groups of students as well as interested inhabitants from the surrounding area. The context and themes of the school lie in Stiegler's argument that we are entering a period of post-consumerism and post-globalization. At a philosophical level, the school intends to engage in research, critique and analysis in line with Stiegler's pharmacological approach.
Cinema and television
Stiegler features prominently in a number of works of film and television, and has appeared on French television numerous times. Among his most significant appearances are the following:
The Ister (2004), directed by Daniel Ross and David Barison, a feature documentary about Heidegger in which Stiegler plays an important part.
''An Organization of Dreams'' (2009), directed by Ken McMullen, an experimental thriller inspired by Stiegler's work, and in which he appears.
''Le temps de cerveau disponible'' (2010), directed by Jean-Robert Viallet, a documentary about television in which Stiegler is the main participant.
''Apr s la gauche'' (2011), directed by Jeremy Forny, a documentary about the problems of the political Left, featuring Stiegler.
Stiegler's daughter Barbara (born 1971) is also a philosopher. She attended the Ecole Normale Sup rieure de Fontenay-St-Cloud, and in 2003 obtained her doctorate from the University of Paris IV: Paris-Sorbonne. Barbara Stiegler is the author of Nietzsche et la biologie (2001) and Nietzsche et la critique de la chair: Dionysos, Ariane, le Christ (2005). She is not to be confused with the German sociologist of the same name.
- Andr Leroi-Gourhan
- diff rance
- Edmund Husserl
- The European Dream
- Gilbert Simondon
- Jacques Derrida
- list of deconstructionists
- Martin Heidegger
- Sigmund Freud
Books in French
- (2012) Etats de choc: B tise et savoir au XXIe si cle. ISBN 2-7555-0645-8
- (2012) L' cole, le num rique et la soci t qui vient (with Philippe Meirieu & Denis Kambouchner). ISBN 2-7555-0644-X
- (2011) Les r seaux sociaux: Culture politique et ing nierie des r seaux sociaux (with Yann-Moulier Boutang, Christian Faur , et al.). ISBN 2-916571-35-3
- (2010) Ce qui fait que la vie vaut la peine d' tre v cue: De la pharmacologie. ISBN 2-08-122035-0
- (2009) Pour une nouvelle critique de l' conomie politique ISBN 2-7186-0797-1
- (2009) Pour en Finir avec la M croissance. ISBN 2-08-122492-5
- (2009) Faut-il interdire les crans aux enfants? (with Serge Tisseron). ISBN 2-918414-12-3
- (2008) Economie de l'hypermat riel et psychopouvoir. ISBN 2-84205-945-X
- (2008) Prendre Soin: Tome 1, De la jeunesse et des g n rations. ISBN 2-08-120736-2
- (2007) De la d mocratie participative: Fondements et limites (with Marc Cr pon). ISBN 2-7555-0033-6
- (2007) Avril-22 : Ceux qui pr f rent ne pas (with Alain Jugnon, Alain Badiou & Michel Surya). ISBN 2-916492-31-3
- (2006) M cr ance et Discr dit: Tome 2, Les soci t s incontrolables d'individus d saffect s. ISBN 2-7186-0706-8
- (2006) M cr ance et Discr dit: Tome 3, L'esprit perdu du capitalisme. ISBN 2-7186-0715-7
- (2006) Des pieds et des mains: Petite conf rence sur l'homme et son d sir de grandir. ISBN 2-227-47566-8
- (2006) Le th tre, le peuple, la passion (with Jean-Christophe Bailly & Denis Gu noun). ISBN 2-84681-170-9
- (2006) La t l cratie contre la D mocratie. ISBN 2-08-210569-5
- (2006) R enchanter le monde : La valeur esprit contre le populisme industriel (with Marc Cr pon, George Collins & Catherine Perret). ISBN 2-08-210585-7
- (2005) Constituer l'Europe: Tome 1, Dans un monde sans vergogne. ISBN 2-7186-0689-4
- (2005) Constituer l'Europe: Tome 2, Le motif europ en. ISBN 2-7186-0690-8
- (2005) L'attente de l'inattendu. ISBN 2-9700474-8-9
- (2004) De la mis re symbolique: Tome 1, L' poque hyperindustrielle. ISBN 2-7186-0635-5
- (2004) De la mis re symbolique: Tome 2, La Catastroph du sensible. ISBN 2-7186-0634-7
- (2004) Philosopher par accident: Entretiens avec Elie During. ISBN 2-7186-0648-7
- (2004) M cr ance et Discr dit: Tome 1, La d cadence des d mocraties industrielles. ISBN 2-7186-0660-6
- (2003) Passer l'acte. ISBN 2-7186-0616-9
- (2003) Aimer, s'aimer, nous aimer: Du 11 septembre au 21 avril. ISBN 2-7186-0629-0
- (2001) La technique et le temps. Tome 3: Le temps du cin ma et la question du mal- tre. ISBN 2-7186-0563-4
- (1996) La technique et le temps. Tome 2: La d sorientation. ISBN 2-7186-0468-9
- (1996) chographies de la t l vision. Entretiens film s (with Jacques Derrida). ISBN 2-7186-0480-8
- (1994) La technique et le temps. Tome 1: La faute d Epim th e. ISBN 2-7186-0440-9
Books in English
- (2011) The Decadence of Industrial Democracies: Disbelief and Discredit, 1 (Cambridge: Polity Press). ISBN 0-7456-4810-X
- (2010) Taking Care of Youth and the Generations (Stanford: Stanford University Press). ISBN 0-8047-6273-2
- (2010) For a New Critique of Political Economy (Cambridge: Polity Press). ISBN 978-0-7456-4804-0
- (2010) Technics and Time, 3: Cinematic Time and the Question of Malaise (Stanford: Stanford University Press). ISBN 0-8047-6168-X
- (2009) Technics and Time, 2: Disorientation (Stanford: Stanford University Press). ISBN 0-8047-3014-8
- (2009) Acting Out (Stanford: Stanford University Press). ISBN 0-8047-5869-7
- (2002) Echographies of Television: Filmed Interviews (Cambridge: Polity Press), with Jacques Derrida. Including Stiegler, "The Discrete Image." ISBN 0-7456-2036-1
- (1998) Technics and Time, 1: The Fault of Epimetheus (Stanford: Stanford University Press). ISBN 978-0-8047-3041-9
Other English translations
- (2011) "Pharmacology of Desire: Drive-based Capitalism and Libidinal Dis-economy," New Formations 72: 150 61.
- (2011) "The Pharmacology of the Spirit," in Jane Elliott & Derek Attridge (eds.), Theory After 'Theory (New York: Routledge): 294 310.
- (2011) "The Tongue of the Eye: What 'Art History' Means," in Jacques Khalip & Robert Mitchell (eds.), Releasing the Image: From Literature to New Media (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2011): 222 36.
- (2010) "Bernard Stiegler's Pharmacy: A Conversation," Configurations 18 (3): 459 76.
- (2010) "The Industrial Exteriorization of Memory," in W. J. T. Mitchell & Mark B. N. Hansen (eds.), Critical Terms for Media Studies (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press): 66 87 (available here).
- (2010) "Knowledge, Care, and Trans-Individuation: An Interview with Bernard Stiegler," Cultural Politics 6: 150 70.
- (2010) "Telecracy Against Democracy," Cultural Politics 6: 171 80.
- (2009) "The Magic Skin; or, The Franco-European Accident of Philosophy after Jacques Derrida," Qui Parle 18: 97 110.
- (2009) "Teleologics of the Snail: The Errant Self Wired to a WiMax Network," Theory, Culture & Society 26 (2 3): 33 45.
- (2009) "The Carnival of the New Screen: From Hegemony to Isonomy," in Pelle Snickars & Patrick Vonderau (eds.), ''The YouTube Reader'' (Stockholm: National Library of Sweden): 40 59.
- (2007) "Technics, Media, Teleology: Interview with Bernard Stiegler," Theory, Culture & Society 24 (7 8): 334 41.
- (2007) "Technoscience and Reproduction," Parallax 13 (4): 29 45.
- (2007) "The True Price of Towering Capitalism: Bernard Stiegler Interviewed," Queen's Quarterly 114: 340 350.
- (2006) Anamnesis and Hypomnesis: The Memories of Desire, in Louis Armand & Arthur Bradley (eds.), Technicity (Prague: Litteraria Pragensia): 15 41.
- (2006) "Philosophising By Accident," ''Public'' 33: 98 107, an extract from Passer l'acte.
- (2003) "Technics of Decision: An Interview," Angelaki 8: 151 67.
- (2002) "Transcendental Imagination in a Thousand Points," New Formations 46: 7 22.
- (2001) "Derrida and Technology: Fidelity at the Limits of Deconstruction and the Prosthesis of Faith," in Tom Cohen (ed.), Jacques Derrida and the Humanities (Cambridge & New York: Cambridge University Press). ISBN 0-521-62565-3
- (2001) "New Industrial Temporal Objects," in Rae Earnshaw, Richard Guedj, Andries van Dam, & John Vince (eds.), Frontiers of Human-Centred Computing, Online Communities and Virtual Environments (London: Springer-Verlag). ISBN 1-85233-238-7
- (1998) "The Time of Cinema. On the 'New World' and 'Cultural Exception'," Tekhnema 4: 62 114.
- (1996) "Persephone, Oedipus, Epimetheus," Tekhnema 3: 69-112.
- (1993) "Questioning Technology and Time," Tekhnema 1: 31 44.
Secondary literature (English)
- Stephen Barker, "Threshold (pro-)positions: Touch, Techn , Technics," Derrida Today 2 (2009): 44 65.
- Stephen Barker, Transformation as an Ontological Imperative: The [Human] Future According to Bernard Stiegler.
- Richard Beardsworth, "From a Genealogy of Matter to a Politics of Memory: Stiegler's Thinking of Technics," Tekhnema 2 (1995): 85 115.
- Richard Beardsworth, Towards a Critical Culture of the Image.
- Richard Beardsworth, "Technology and Politics: A Response to Bernard Stiegler," Cultural Politics 6: 181 99.
- Geoffrey Bennington, "Emergencies," Oxford Literary Review 18 (1996): 175 216. Collected in Interrupting Derrida (New York: Routledge, 2000): 162 79.
- Patrick Crogan, Essential Viewing: Review of Stiegler, ''La technique et le temps 3.''
- Patrick Crogan, Thinking Cinema(tically) and the Industrial Temporal Object: Schemes and Technics of Experience in Bernard Stiegler's ''Technics and Time'' series.
- Patrick Crogan, "Bernard Stiegler: Philosophy, Technics, and Activism," Cultural Politics 6: 133 56.
- Ulrik Ekman, "Of Transductive Speed Stiegler," Parallax 13, 4 (2007): 46 63.
- Michael Gallope, Heidegger, Stiegler, and the Question of a Musical Technics.
- Mark B. N. Hansen, "Realtime Synthesis" and the Diff rance of the Body: Technocultural Studies in the Wake of Deconstruction.
- Mark B. N. Hansen, "Media Theory," Theory, Culture & Society 23 (2006): 297 306.
- Ian James, "Bernard Stiegler and the Time of Technics," Cultural Politics 6: 207 27.
- John Lechte, "Technics, Time and Stiegler's 'Orthographic Moment'," Parallax 13, 4 (2007): 64 77.
- Christian Lotz, "Review of For a New Critique of Political Economy, Marx&Philosophy. Review of Books.
- Ben Roberts, "Stiegler Reading Derrida: The Prosthesis of Deconstruction in Technics," Postmodern Culture 16, 1 (2005).
- Ben Roberts, "Cinema as Mnemotechnics: Bernard Stiegler and the 'Industrialization of Memory'," Angelaki 11 (2006): 55 63.
- Ben Roberts, "Rousseau, Stiegler and the Aporia of Origin," Forum for Modern Language Studies 42 (2006): 382 94.
- Ben Roberts, "Introduction to Bernard Stiegler," Parallax 13, 4 (2007): 26 28.
- Mark Robson, "An Other Europe," Paragraph 31 (2008): 375 88.
- Daniel Ross, Democracy, Authority, Narcissism: From Agamben to Stiegler.
- Daniel Ross, "Traumas of the Image," ''theory@buffalo'' 10 (2005): 81 102.
- Daniel Ross, The Cinematic Condition of the Politico-Philosophical Future.
- Daniel Ross, "Politics, Terror, and Traumatypical Imagery," in Matthew Sharpe, Murray Noonan & Jason Freddi (eds.), Trauma, History, Philosophy (Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2007): 230 46.
- Daniel Ross, Politics and Aesthetics, or, Transformations of Aristotle in Bernard Stiegler.
- Daniel Ross, Review of ''Technics and Time, 3: Cinematic Time and the Question of Malaise''.
- Daniel Ross, "Translator's Introduction to Bernard Stiegler's 'Pharmacology of Desire: Drive-based Capitalism and Libidinal Dis-economy'," New Formations 72 (2011): 146 9.
- Nathan Van Camp, "Stiegler, Habermas and the Techno-logical Condition of Man," Journal for Cultural Research 13 (2009): 125 41.
- Nathan Van Camp, "Animality, Humanity and Technicity," Transformations 17 (2009).http://www.transformationsjournal.org/journal/issue_17/article_06.shtml
- David Wills, An Interview with David Wills (1999).
- David Wills, "Thinking Back: Towards Technology, via Dorsality," Parallax 10, 3 (2004): 36 52.
- David Wills, "Techneology or the Discourse of Speed," in Marquard Smith & Joanne Morra (eds.), The Prosthetic Impulse: From a Posthuman Present to a Biocultural Future (Cambridge, Massachusetts & London: MIT Press, 2006).
Secondary literature (French)
- Jean-Hugues Barth l my, "De la finitude r tentionnelle. Sur La technique et le temps de Bernard Stiegler", in P-E. Schmit et P-A. Chardel (dir.), Ph nom nologie et technique(s), Le Cercle Herm neutique Editeur (2008).
- Jean-Hugues Barth l my, Memoria, Immaginazione e Tecnica nell opera di B. Stiegler (trad. M. Feyles), in Martino Feyles (dir.), Memoria, Immaginazione e tecnica, Rome, NEU, 2010; pp. 189 198.
- Jean-Hugues Barth l my, "Penser apr s Simondon et par-del Deleuze", Cahiers Simondon N 2, Paris, L'Harmattan, 2010.
- Online paper about Stiegler's link to Simondon, by Jean-Hugues Barth l my et Vincent Bontems
- Pierre-Antoine Chardel, "De l' criture aux t le-technologies (ou le jeu de la difference en question)", in P-E Schmit et P-A Chardel (dir.), Ph nom nologie et technique(s), Le Cercle Herm neutique Editeur (2008).
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