Baba Ishak, also spelled Baba Ishaq, Baba , or B b , a charismatic preacher, led an uprising of the Turkmen of Anatolia against the Seljuq Sultanate of R m c. 1239 until he was hanged in 1241.
- Claude Cahen, B b , Encyclopaedia of Islam, edited by P. Bearman, et al. (Brill, 2007).
- Claude Cahen, Pre-Ottoman Turkey: a general survey of the material and spiritual culture and history, trans. J. Jones-Williams (New York: Taplinger, 1968), 136-7.
- Speros Vryonis, The Decline of Medieval Hellenism in Asia Minor and the Process of Islamization from the Eleventh through the Fifteenth Century (University of California Press, 1971), 134.
fr:Baba (Turquie) tr:Baba shak zh: