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Anti-Revisionism

In the Marxist movement, anti-revisionism refers to opposition to revisionism of Marxism. Anti-revisionists typically label reformist socialism, and also in the case of some Marxist-Leninists like Joseph Stalin label Trotskyists as unacceptable revisions of Marxism.

After years of direct experience with China that led him first to write the book Fanshen, author William Hinton then experienced Chinese economic reform and, with this experience, wrote an angry anti-revisionist book entitled The Great Reversal: The Privatization of China. Both books, as well as Hinton's work generally, still tend to have much resonance among many anti-revisionists in the communist movement today.

Contents


Background

 nti-revisionist caricature of 1976 by Albanian cartoonist Zef Bum i depicting Nikita Khrushchev as a servant of capitalism
nti-revisionist caricature of 1976 by Albanian cartoonist Zef Bum i depicting Nikita Khrushchev as a servant of capitalism
Self-proclaimed anti-revisionists firmly oppose the reforms initiated in Communist countries by leaders like Nikita Khrushchev in the Soviet Union and Deng Xiaoping in China. They generally refer to such reforms and states as state capitalist and social-imperialist. They also reject Trotskyism and its "Permanent Revolution" as hypocritical by arguing that Leon Trotsky himself had at one time thought it acceptable that socialism could work in a single country as long as that country was industrialized, but that Trotsky had considered Russia too backward to achieve such industrialization  what it later in fact did achieve, mostly through his archenemy Joseph Stalin's Five Year Plans. In their own right, anti-revisionists also acknowledge that the Soviet Union contained a "new class" or "'red' bourgeoisie," but they generally place the blame for the formation of that class on Khrushchev and his successors. Therefore, in anti-revisionist circles, there is very little talk of class conflict in the Soviet Union before 1956, except when talking about specific contexts such as the Russian Civil War (when some agents of the former feudal ruling class tried to retake state power from the Bolsheviks) and World War II (fought principally between communists and fascists, representing the interests of the proletariat and the bourgeoisie respectively).

During the Sino-Soviet split, the governments of the People's Republic of China under Mao Zedong and the People's Republic of Albania under Enver Hoxha proclaimed themselves to be taking an anti-revisionist line and denounced Khrushchev's policies in the Soviet Union. In the United States, those who supported China or Albania at the time were expelled from the United States Communist Party under orders from Moscow, and in 1961 they formed the Progressive Labor Movement and other "new communist movement" communist parties. A short time later, anti-revisionist groups were further divided by the Sino-Albanian split, with those following Albania being loosely described as Hoxhaist.

On the whole, the original 1960s-era anti-revisionists tended to take a careful, selective approach to the Cuban Revolution and the way it soon aligned itself with Soviet ideas and practice, criticizing the latter action, while simultaneously acknowledging some aspects of Cuban self-described socialism as genuinely revolutionary in particular the writing and thinking of Che Guevara. Anti-revisionists also took a hopeful approach towards the Vietnamese communists, expressing confidence that they too were genuinely revolutionary-communist in their aspirations, and supported their struggle against the United States in the Vietnam War a side which, ironically, got a lot of support from the Soviet Union, anti-revisionists' "state capitalist" enemy.

Several present-day communist parties worldwide still see themselves as explicitly anti-revisionist, but not every such party adhering to elements of anti-revisionism necessarily adopts the label "anti-revisionist". Many such organizations may call themselves Maoist, Marxist-Leninist or even just simply "revolutionary communist". Australian Greens Senator Elect Lee Rhiannon was an anti-revisionist, though very touchy about the subject.

The Workers Party of Korea still claims an anti-revisionist political line, but the communist movement as a whole and anti-revisionists from the Maoist and Hoxhaist camps in particular tend to insist North Korea is a revisionist state, however many if not most Hoxhaists and Maoists are critically supportive of North Korea on grounds of Anti-imperialism.

Anti-revisionists aligned with Enver Hoxha and the line of the Albanian party of labor argue that Mao Zedong thought is itself a form of revisionism. Hoxhaists insist that Mao's Three Worlds Theory contradicted Marxism-Leninism and existed only to justify Mao's alliance with the United states that began in the early 1970s and his meeting with Nixon during the sino-soviet split that Enver Hoxha and the Hoxhaists opposed. Hoxhaists also argue that the theory of New Democracy and People's War were revisionist and anti-scientific. The Hoxhaist camp came into existence during the Sino-Albanian split

Anti-revisionist leaders

Those at a national level claiming an anti-revisionist orientation actually vary widely in their ideological perspectives from within communism. An amalgamated list of the more famous self-proclaimed anti-revisionist leaders(even though some of them actually ruled in revisionist ways):

  • Joseph Stalin
  • Enver Hoxha
  • Ho Chi Minh
  • brahim Kaypakkaya
  • Gheorghe Gheorgiu-Dej
  • Walter Ulbricht
  • M ty s R kosi
  • Lazar Kaganovich
  • Nina Andreyeva
  • Chairman Gonzalo (Abimael Guzman)
  • Mao Zedong
  • Bill Bland
  • Leonid Brezhnev
  • Harry Haywood
  • Hardial Bains
  • Nelson Peery
  • Prachanda (Pushpa Kamal Dahal)
  • Baburam Bhattarai
  • Bob Avakian
  • Jiang Qing
  • Zhang Chunqiao
  • Yao Wenyuan
  • Wang Hongwen
  • Frank Baude
  • Ludo Martens
  • Kim Il-sung
  • Tron grim
  • Harpal Brar
  • Jose Maria Sison
  • Vlado Dap evi
  • Comrade Jos
  • Carlos Lamarca
  • Carlos Marighella
  • Luis Carlos Prestes
  • Oscar Niemeyer

Anti-revisionist groups

  • Afghanistan
    • Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan
  • Albania
    • Communist Party of Albania
  • Argentina
    • Revolutionary Communist Party of Argentina
  • Benin
    • Communist Party of Benin
  • Bhutan
    • Bhutan Communist Party (Marxist Leninist Maoist)
  • Brazil
    • Revolutionary Communist Party
  • Burkina Faso
    • Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Party
  • Burma
    • Communist Party of Burma
  • Canada
    • Communist Party of Canada (Marxist Leninist)
    • Parti marxiste l niniste du Qu bec
  • Chile
    • Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action)
  • Colombia
    • Communist Party of Colombia (Marxist Leninist)
  • C te d'Ivoire
    • Revolutionary Communist Party of C te d'Ivoire
  • Denmark
    • Workers' Communist Party
  • Dominican Republic
    • Communist Party of Labour
  • Ecuador
    • Marxist Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador
  • France
    • Workers' Communist Party of France
  • Georgia
    • New Communist Party of Georgia
  • Germany
    • Communist Party of Germany (Roter Morgen)
    • Marxist Leninist Party of Germany
  • Greece
    • Movement for the Reorganization of the Communist Party of Greece 1918 1955
  • India
    • Communist Party of India (Marxist Leninist)
    • Communist Party of India (Maoist)
  • Iran
    • Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas
    • Labour Party of Iran
  • Italy
    • Communist Platform
  • Mexico
    • Communist Party of Mexico (Marxist Leninist)
  • Nepal
    • Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
  • Norway
    • Marxist Leninist Group Revolution
  • Pakistan
    • Communist Party of Pakistan
    • Communist Mazdoor Kissan Party
  • Philippines
    • Communist Party of the Philippines
  • Russia
    • Communist Party of the Russian Federation
    • Russian Maoist Party
  • Spain
    • Communist Party of Spain (Marxist Leninist)
  • Sweden
    • Communist Party
  • Tunisia
    • Tunisian Workers' Communist Party
  • Turkey
    • Marxist Leninist Communist Party
  • United Kingdom
    • Communist Party of Britain (Marxist Leninist)
    • Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist Leninist)
    • Stalin Society
    • Revolutionary Communist Party of Britain (Marxist Leninist)
    • New Communist Party of Britain
  • United States
    • Freedom Road Socialist Organization (frso.org faction)
    • Progressive Labor Party
    • Revolutionary Communist Party, USA
    • Revolutionary Organization of Labor (Ray O. Light)
    • U.S. Marxist Leninist Organization
  • Venezuela
    • Marxist Leninist Communist Party of Venezuela

Historical anti-revisionist groups

External links

br:Enep-adwelouriezh es:Antirrevisionismo it:Antirevisionismo no:Antirevisjonisme pl:Antyrewizjonizm sv:Antirevisionism






Source: Wikipedia | The above article is available under the GNU FDL. | Edit this article



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