Amazon Web Services (abbreviated AWS) is a collection of remote computing services (also called web services) that together make up a cloud computing platform, offered over the Internet by Amazon.com. The most central and well-known of these services are Amazon EC2 and Amazon S3.
Launched in July 2002, Amazon Web Services provide online services for other web sites or client-side applications. Most of these services are not exposed directly to end users, but instead offer functionality that other developers can use in their applications. Amazon Web Services offerings are accessed over HTTP, using REST and SOAP protocols. All services are billed based on usage, but how usage is measured for billing varies from service to service
In 2004 an engineer at Amazon presented a paper proposing how the company could make a profit on the infrastructure required to run the Amazon.com store. As a result, Amazon EC2 was built by a team in Cape Town, South Africa.
In June 2007, Amazon claimed that more than 330,000 developers had signed up to use Amazon Web Services.
On April 20, 2011, some parts of Amazon Web Services suffered a major outage.
List of AWS products
- Amazon AWS Authentication, an implicit service, the authentication infrastructure used to authenticate access to the various services.
- Amazon CloudFront, a content delivery network (CDN) for distributing objects stored in S3 to so-called "edge locations" near the requester.
- Amazon CloudWatch, provides monitoring for AWS cloud resources and applications, starting with EC2.
- Amazon DevPay, currently in limited beta version, is a billing and account management system for applications that developers have built atop Amazon Web Services.
- Amazon Elastic Beanstalk provides quick deployment and management of applications in the cloud.
- Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS) provides persistent block-level storage volumes for EC2.
- Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) provides scalable virtual private servers using Xen.
- Amazon Elastic MapReduce allows businesses, researchers, data analysts, and developers to easily and cheaply process vast amounts of data. It uses a hosted Hadoop framework running on the web-scale infrastructure of EC2 and Amazon S3.
- Amazon ElastiCache provides in-memory caching for web applications.
- Amazon Flexible Payments Service (FPS) provides an interface for micropayments.
- Amazon Fulfillment Web Service provides a programmatic web service for sellers to ship items to and from Amazon using Fulfillment by Amazon.
- Amazon Historical Pricing provides access to Amazon's historical sales data from its affiliates. (It appears that this service has been discontinued.)
- Amazon Mechanical Turk (Mturk) manages small units of work distributed among many humans.
- Amazon Product Advertising API formerly known as Amazon Associates Web Service (A2S) and Amazon E-Commerce Service (ECS), provides access to Amazon's product data and electronic commerce functionality.
- Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS) provides a scalable database server with MySQL and Oracle support.
- Amazon Route 53 provides a highly available and scalable Domain Name System (DNS) web service.
- Amazon CloudSearch, currently in limited beta version, provides basic full text search and indexing of textual content.
- Amazon Simple Email Service (SES) provides bulk and transactional email sending.
- Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) provides Web Service based storage.
- Amazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) provides a hosted message queue for web applications.
- Amazon Simple Notification Service (SNS) provides a hosted multiprotocol "push" messaging for web applications.
- Amazon SimpleDB, allows developers to run queries on structured data. It operates in concert with EC2 and S3 to provide "the core functionality of a database."
- Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) creates a logically isolated set of Amazon EC2 instances which can be connected to an existing network using a VPN connection.
- AWS CloudFormation, create a collection of related AWS resources and provision them in an orderly and predictable fashion.
- AWS Import/Export, accelerates moving large amounts of data into and out of AWS using portable storage devices for transport.
- AWS Management Console (AWS Console), A web-based point and click interface to manage and monitor the Amazon infrastructure suite including EC2, EBS, Amazon Elastic MapReduce, and Amazon CloudFront.
- AWS Storage Gateway, an iSCSI block storage appliance with cloud-based backup.
- Azure Services Platform
- Cloud computing
- Google App Engine
- Rackspace Cloud
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