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Accident

A railing accident at a college football game, spilling fans onto the side lines
A railing accident at a college football game, spilling fans onto the side lines
An accident or mishap is an unforeseen and unplanned event or circumstance, often with lack of intention or necessity. It usually implies a generally negative outcome which may have been avoided or prevented had circumstances leading up to the accident been recognized, and acted upon, prior to its occurrence.

Experts in the field of injury prevention avoid use of the term 'accident' to describe events that cause injury in an attempt to highlight the predictable and preventable nature of most injuries. Such incidents are viewed from the perspective of epidemiology - predictable and preventable. Preferred words are more descriptive of the event itself, rather than of its unintended nature (e.g., collision, drowning, fall, etc.)

Accidents of particularly common types (crashing of automobiles, events causing fire, etc.) are investigated to identify how to avoid them in the future. This is sometimes called root cause analysis, but does not generally apply to accidents that cannot be deterministically predicted. A root cause of an uncommon and purely random accident may never be identified, and thus future similar accidents remain "accidental."

Contents


Types

Physical and non-physical

Physical examples of accidents include unintended collisions or falls, being injured by touching something sharp, hot, or electrical, or ingesting poison. Non-physical examples are unintentionally revealing a secret or otherwise saying something incorrectly, forgetting an appointment, etc.

By activity

  • Accidents during the execution of work or arising out of it are called work accidents. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), more than 337 million accidents happen on the job each year, resulting, together with occupational diseases, in more than 2.3 million deaths annually.[1]
  • In contrast, leisure-related accidents are mainly sports injuries.

By vehicle

  • Bike accident
  • Tram accident
  • Traffic collision
  • Sailing ship accidents

Most common causes

Incidence of accidents, sorted by activity (in Denmark in 2002). For physical traumas or injuries leading to hospital discharge, most common causes are traffic accidents and falls

See also

  • Injury
  • Accident-proneness
  • Air safety
    • Aviation accidents and incidents
  • Aisles: Safety and regulatory considerations
  • Bike
    • Bicycle safety
  • Car
    • Automobile safety
    • Traffic collision
  • Explosives safety
  • List of rail accidents
    • List of train accidents by death toll
  • Nuclear and radiation accidents
  • Risk management
  • Sailing ship
    • Sailing ship accidents
  • Safety
  • Safety engineering
  • Human error model
    • [Jaccident - the official term for numerous consecutive successful fails.]
    • [n. on 10, March 2011 the official term has been changed to Classident, the definition remains intact.]
  • Tram accident
  • Workplace safety
    • Material safety data sheet
    • Personal protective equipment
    • Occupational safety and health
    • Criticality accident
  • Accident analysis

References

External links

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Source: Wikipedia | The above article is available under the GNU FDL. | Edit this article



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