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United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
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United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit

The United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit is a federal court located in Richmond, Virginia, with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:

  • District of Maryland
  • Eastern District of North Carolina
  • Middle District of North Carolina
  • Western District of North Carolina
  • District of South Carolina
  • Eastern District of Virginia
  • Western District of Virginia
  • Northern District of West Virginia
  • Southern District of West Virginia

Lewis F. Powell, Jr. Courthouse
Lewis F. Powell, Jr. Courthouse
The court is based at the Lewis F. Powell, Jr. U.S. Courthouse in Richmond, Virginia. With 15 authorized judgeships (currently there are 14 active judges, one senior judge who continues to hear cases part-time, and two retired judges who no longer hear cases) it is mid-sized among the 13 United States courts of appeals.

Contents


Current composition of the court

Active

As of October 3, 2011, the active judges on the court are as follows (chief judge in bold)[1]:

# Judge Duty station[2] Born Appointed Chief Appointed by
38 William Byrd Traxler, Jr. Greenville, SC 1948 1998 2009 Clinton
29 J. Harvie Wilkinson III Charlottesville, VA 1944 1984 1996 2003 Reagan
32 Paul V. Niemeyer Baltimore, MD 1941 1990 G.H.W. Bush
37 Diana Gribbon Motz Baltimore, MD 1943 1994 Clinton
39 Robert Bruce King Charleston, WV 1940 1998 Clinton
40 Roger Gregory Richmond, VA 1953 2000 Clinton/
G.W. Bush[3]
41 Dennis Shedd Columbia, SC 1953 2002 G.W. Bush
42 Allyson Kay Duncan Raleigh, NC 1951 2003 G.W. Bush
43 G. Steven Agee Salem, VA 1952 2008 G.W. Bush
44 Andre M. Davis Baltimore, MD 1949 2009 Obama
45 Barbara Milano Keenan Alexandria, VA 1950 2010 Obama
46 James A. Wynn Raleigh, NC 1954 2010 Obama
47 Albert Diaz Charlotte, NC 1960 2010 Obama
48 Henry Franklin Floyd Pickens, SC 1947 2011 Obama
Vacant (seat 9) (formerly held by Michael)
Vacancies and pending nominations
Seat Prior incumbent Vacancy reason Date of vacancy Nominee Date of nomination
9 M. Blane Michael Death March 25, 2011 Stephanie Thacker September 8, 2011

Senior

One former circuit judge continues to hear cases on senior status[1]:

# Judge Duty station[2] Born Active service Chief Senior
since
Appointed by
24 James Dickson Phillips, Jr. (inactive) 1922 1978 1994 1994 Carter
28 Robert Foster Chapman (inactive) 1926 1981 1991 1991 Reagan
33 Clyde H. Hamilton Columbia, SC 1934 1991 1999 1999 G.H.W. Bush

List of former judges

Thirty judges used to serve on the court, but no longer do[1]:


Judge
State
Born/Died
Active
Chief
Senior
Appointed by
Reason for
termination
1 MD 1828 1893 1891 1893 [4] death
2 WV 1843 1920 1892 1913 resignation
3 SC 1829 1904 1893 1904 death
4 NC/DC 1857 1921 1904 1921 death
5 SC 1852 1925 1913 1925 death
6 VA 1855 1931 1921 1931 death
7 MD 1861 1927 1922 1927 death
8 NC 1885 1958 1925 1958 1948 1958 death
9 WV 1869 1946 1927 1939 1939 1946 death
10 [5] MD 1873 1963 1931 1955 1955 1963 death
11 [5] VA 1881 1962 1939 1956 1956 1962 death
12 MD 1894 1973 1956 1970 1958 1964 1970 1973 death
13 SC 1912 1989 1957 1981 1964 1981 1981 1989 death
14 WV 1897 1982 1959 1971 1971 1982 death
15 VA 1899 1984 1961 1972 1972 1984 death
16 NC 1906 1967 1961 1967 death
17 MD 1921 1990 1966 1990 1981 1989 1990 1990 death
18 NC 1918 1977 1966 1977 death
19 VA 1917 2006 1967 1982 1982 2006 death
20 SC 1906 1998 1971 1998 death
21 WV 1910 1995 1971 1976 1976 1995 death
22 VA 1923 2007 1972 2007 2007 death
23 WV 1918 1999 1976 1998 1998 1999 death
25 MD 1920 2000 1979 2000 death
26 WV 1923 2004 1979 1992 1992 1995 retirement
27 NC 1926 1999 1980 1999 1989 1996 death
30 DC 1927 1987 1984 1986 resignation
31 SC 1942 1986 2007 2003 2007 2007 2008 retirement
34 VA 1954 1991 2006 resignation
35 SC 1951 1992 2009 2007 2009 retirement
36 WV 1943 2011 1993 2011 death

Chief judges

Chief Judge
Parker 1948 1958
Sobeloff 1958 1964
Haynsworth 1964 1981
Winter 1981 1989
Ervin 1989 1996
Wilkinson 1996 2003
Wilkins 2003 2007
Williams 2007 2009
Traxler 2009

Succession of seats

Seat 1
Established on December 10, 1869 by the Judiciary Act of 1869 as a circuit judgeship for the Fourth Circuit
Reassigned on June 16, 1891 to the United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit by the Judiciary Act of 1891
Bond MD 1891 1893
Simonton SC 1893 1904
Pritchard DC 1904 1921
Waddill VA 1921 1931
Soper MD 1931 1955
Sobeloff MD 1956 1970
Russell SC 1971 1998
Traxler SC 1998
Seat 2
Established on June 16, 1891 by the Judiciary Act of 1891
Goff WV 1892 1913
Woods SC 1913 1925
Parker NC 1925 1958
Boreman WV 1959 1971
Field WV 1971 1976
Hall WV 1976 1998
King WV 1998
Seat 3
Established on September 14, 1922 by 42 Stat. 837
Rose MD 1922 1927
Northcott WV 1927 1939
Dobie VA 1939 1956
Haynsworth SC 1957 1981
Chapman SC 1981 1991
Williams SC 1992 2009
Floyd SC 2011
Seat 4
Established on May 19, 1961 by 75 Stat. 80
Bryan VA 1961 1972
Widener VA 1972 2007
Keenan VA 2010
Seat 5
Established on May 19, 1961 by 75 Stat. 80
Bell NC 1961 1967
Butzner VA 1967 1982
Wilkinson VA 1984
Seat 6
Established on March 18, 1966 by 80 Stat. 75
Winter MD 1966 1990
Niemeyer MD 1990
Seat 7
Established on March 18, 1966 by 80 Stat. 75
Craven NC 1966 1977
Phillips NC 1978 1994
Wynn NC 2010
Seat 8
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
Murnaghan MD 1979 2000
Davis MD 2009
Seat 9
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
Sprouse WV 1979 1992
Michael WV 1993 2011
Vacant 2011
Seat 10
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
Ervin NC 1980 1999
Duncan NC 2003
Seat 11
Established on July 10, 1984 by 98 Stat. 333
Sneeden DC 1984 1986
Wilkins SC 1986 2007
Diaz NC 2010
Seat 12
Established on December 1, 1990 by 104 Stat. 5089
Hamilton SC 1991 1999
Shedd SC 2002
Seat 13
Established on December 1, 1990 by 104 Stat. 5089
Luttig VA 1991 2006
Agee VA 2008
Seat 14
Established on December 1, 1990 by 104 Stat. 5089
Motz MD 1994
Seat 15
Established on December 1, 1990 by 104 Stat. 5089
Gregory VA 2000

Practice in the 4th Circuit

The Fourth is the most efficient circuit, taking an average of just over seven months to resolve each appeal.

The Chief Justice is always assigned to the Fourth Circuit as the circuit advisory justice, due to Richmond's close proximity to Washington, D.C.

The Fourth Circuit is considered an extremely collegial court. By tradition, the Judges of the Fourth Circuit come down from the bench following each oral argument to greet the lawyers.[6]

See also

  • Federal judicial appointment history

References

External links

fa: fr:Cour d'appel des tats-Unis pour le quatri me circuit nl:Hof van Beroep voor het 4e circuit






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