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1991 Rugby World Cup
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1991 Rugby World Cup

The 1991 Rugby World Cup was the second edition of the Rugby World Cup, and was jointly hosted by England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland and France; at that time, the five European countries that participated in the Five Nations Championship making it the first Rugby World Cup to be staged in the northern hemisphere, with England as the host of the championship game. Following on from the success of the inaugural 1987 Rugby World Cup, the 1991 World Cup received increased attention and was seen for the first time as a major sporting event. Also for the first time qualifying competitions were introduced as the number of entrants had increased from sixteen nations four years before to a total of thirty-three countries, the eight quarter-finalists from 1987 qualified automatically with the remaining twenty-five countries having to qualify for the remaining eight spots. The same sixteen team pool/knock-out format was used with just minor changes to the points system.

The Pool stage of the tournament was nothing like four years earlier with fewer one-sided matches and produced a major shock when Western Samoa, who were making their debut in the tournament, defeated 1987 semifinalist Wales 16-13 in Cardiff, resulting in the elimination of Wales, who finished third in Pool 3. Also notable in pool play was that Canada finished second in its group to qualify for the quarterfinals (in what remains Canada's best performance in the Rugby World Cup).

In the quarter-finals, neither Canada nor Western Samoa proved a match for New Zealand or Scotland, respectively. Meanwhile, England knocked out 1987 finalist France, and Australia, in what was seen as the match of the round, piped Ireland 19-18 in a thrilling match at Lansdowne Road. The semi-finals produced two tight matches, in which England overcame its Scottish rival 6-9 at Murrayfield Stadium and Australia defeated the defending world champion New Zealand 16-6 at Lansdowne Road. The World Cup Final was played at Twickenham Stadium in London, and saw Australia triumph 12 6 against England.

Contents


Qualification

The following 16 teams, shown by region, qualified for the 1991 Rugby World Cup. Of the 16 teams, eight of those places were automatically filled by quarterfinalists from the 1987 World Cup and did not have to play any qualification matches. 25 nations competed in a qualification process designed to fill the remaining eight spots, bringing the total participation to 33 nations. In the event, there was only one change from the 1987 tournament, with Western Samoa appearing in place of Tonga.

Africa Americas Europe Oceania/Asia
  • (Africa)
  • (Americas 2)
  • (Americas 1)
  • (Americas 3)
  • (Europe 1)
  • (Europe 2)
  • (1987 Champions)
  • (Oceania/Asia 1)
  • (Oceania/Asia 2)

Stadium

City Stadium Capacity
London Twickenham Stadium 75,000
Edinburgh Murrayfield Stadium 67,800
Cardiff National Stadium (Cardiff Arms Park) 53,000
Paris Parc des Princes 48,712
Dublin Lansdowne Road 49,250
Toulouse Stade Ernest-Wallon 19,000
Villeneuve d'Ascq Stadium Lille-Metropole 18,185
B ziers Stade de la M diterran e 18,000
Leicester Welford Road 16,815
Brive Parc Municipal des Sports 16,000
Grenoble Stade Lesdigui res 14,000
Agen Stade Armandie 14,000
Bayonne Stade Jean Dauger 13,500
Gloucester Kingsholm 12,500
Belfast Ravenhill 12,300
Llanelli Stradey Park 10,800
Pontypool Pontypool Park 8,800
Pontypridd Sardis Road 7,200
Otley Cross Green 5,000

Squads

Pools & Format

Pool 1 Pool 2 Pool 3 Pool 4
















As in the 1987 Rugby World Cup the 16 nations were divided into four pools of four nations, with each nation playing their other pool opponents once, every nation playing three times during the group stages. Nations were awarded 2 points for a win, 1 for a draw and zero for a loss, the top two nations of every pool advanced to the quarter finals. The runners-up of each pool faced the winners of a different pool in the quarter finals. The winners moved on to the semi finals, with the winners then moving onto the final, and the losers of the semi finals contesting a third/fourth place play off.

Points System

The points system that was used in the pool stage was which was changed from 1987 was as follows:

  • 3 points for a win
  • 2 points for a draw
  • 1 point for playing

A total of 32 matches (24 Pool Stage & 8 Knock-out) were played throughout the tournament over 30 days from Thursday 3 October 1991 to Saturday 2 November 1991.

Pool stage

Pool 1

Team P W D L PF PA Pts
3 3 0 0 95 39 9
3 2 0 1 85 33 7
3 1 0 2 57 76 5
3 0 0 3 24 113 3






Pool 2

Team P W D L PF PA Pts
3 3 0 0 122 36 9
3 2 0 1 102 51 7
3 1 0 2 77 87 5
3 0 0 3 31 158 3






Pool 3

Team P W D L PF PA Pts
3 3 0 0 79 25 9
3 2 0 1 54 34 7
3 1 0 2 32 61 5
3 0 0 3 38 83 3






Pool 4

Team P W D L PF PA Pts
3 3 0 0 82 25 9
3 2 0 1 45 33 7
3 1 0 2 31 64 5
3 0 0 3 27 63 3






Knock-out stage

Quarter-finals




Semi-finals


Third-place play-off

Final

External links

af:Rugbyw reldbeker 1991 de:Rugby-Union-Weltmeisterschaft 1991 es:Copa Mundial de Rugby de 1991 eu:1991ko Munduko Errugbi Txapelketa fr:Coupe du monde de rugby XV 1991 gl:Copa do Mundo de Rugby 1991 it:Coppa del Mondo di rugby 1991 ka: 1991 nl:Wereldkampioenschap rugby 1991 ja:1991 no:Verdensmesterskapet i rugby union 1991 pl:Puchar wiata w Rugby 1991 pt:Copa do Mundo de Rugby de 1991 ru: 1991 sv:V rldsm sterskapet i rugby 1991






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