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Superminicomputer





Encyclopedia results for Superminicomputer

  1. Superminicomputer

    About the class of computer the European car size class supermini car Distinguish minisupercomputer A superminicomputer , or supermini , is a minicomputer with high performance compared to ordinary minicomputers. The term was an invention used from the mid 1970s ref Citation doi 10.1109 PROC.1973.9322 last Koudela first J., Jr. author link title The past, present, and future of minicomputers A scenario journal Proceedings of the IEEE volume 61 issue 11 pages 1526 1534 date Nov. 1973 year 1973 ref mainly to distinguish the emerging 32 bit minis from the classical 16 bit minicomputers. ref Citation doi 10.1109 TNS.1982.4335992 last Flowers first Jeff author link title The Use of the 32 Bit Minicomputer for Data Acquisition journal IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science volume 29 issue 1 pages 927 931 date Feb. 1982 year 1982 ref The term is now largely obsolete but still remains of interest for students researchers of history of computers computer history . Significant superminis Norsk Data NORD 5 , first supermini, 1972 Norsk Data Nord 50 , 1975 Interdata Interdata 7 32 and 8 32 7 32 and 8 32 later taken over by PerkinElmer Systems Engineering Laboratories Systems Engineering Laboratories 32 55 , 1976 Digital Equipment Corporation DEC VAX 11 780 , shipped February 1978 Data General Data General Eclipse MV 8000 Eclipse MV 8000 , 1980 MAI Basic Four MAI 8000, 1983 http www.answers.com topic mai systems corporation and MPx http findarticles.com p articles mi m0EKF is n1903 v38 ai 12041852 Gould Electronics Powernode 9080 Gould Electronics NP 1 Norsk Data ND 500 , 1981 Norsk Data ND 570 CX , fastest supermini, 1983, at 7.1 Whetstone benchmark Whetstone million instructions per second MIPS Prime Computer 750 References wiktionary Reflist Computer sizes mini compu stub Category Minicomputers Super Category Classes of computers de Superminicomputer ja ru ...   more details



  1. Supermini (disambiguation)

    Wiktionary Supermini may refer to a European vehicle size class supermini car a computer size class superminicomputer disambig ...   more details



  1. ND-500

    Unreferenced date December 2009 Image ND 560.jpeg thumb A typical large ND 500 configuration. The ND 500 was a 32 bit superminicomputer delivered in 1981 by Norsk Data . It relied on a NORD 100 ND 100 to do housekeeping tasks and run the OS, SINTRAN III . A configuration could feature up to four ND 500 CPUs, in a shared memory configuration. Hardware implementations All this structure may seem a bit too much for a very anemic article so far, but I am working on it. User Toresbe Tore The ND 500 architecture lived through four distinct implementations. Each implementation was sold under a variety of different model numbers. ND also sold multiprocessor configurations, naming them ND 580 n and an ND 590 n , where n represented the number of CPUs in a given configuration, 2, 3, or 4. ND 500 1 Sold as the ND 500 , ND 520 , ND 540 , and ND 560 . ND 500 2 Sold as the ND 570 , ND 570 CX , and the ND 570 ACX . ND 505 This section is linked from Norsk Data A 31 bit version of the ND 500 machine. Pin 27 was snipped on the backplane , removing its status as a superminicomputer, allowing it to legally pass through the CoCom embargo . Samson Sold as the ND 5200 , ND 5400 , ND 5500 , ND 5700 , and ND 5800 . The ND 120 CPU line, which constituted the ND 100 side of most ND 5000 computers, was named Delilah. As the 5000 line progressed in speed, the dual arch ND 100 500 configuration increasingly became bottlenecked by all I O having to go through the ND 100. Rallar Sold as the ND 5830 and ND 5850 . The Rallar processor consisted of two main VLSI gate arrays, KUSK and GAMP meaning Jockey and Horse , respectively. See also Norsk Data Nord 100 DEFAULTSORT Nd 500 Category Minicomputers mini compu stub ...   more details



  1. Gould Electronics

    Gould Electronics Inc. founded in 1884 and based in Chandler, Arizona is a company involved in the electronics and semiconductor industries. They make printed circuit materials for use by electronics manufacturers. Having acquired Systems Engineering Laboratories Gould became involved in the Superminicomputer computer business. Gould s non defense businesses were acquired in 1988 by Nippon Mining, now Japan Energy Corporation , a publicly traded Japanese company. From 1977 to the mid 1980s the company owned the Modicon brand of programmable logic controller that is now owned by Schneider Electric . This was in a phase where the company became a mini conglomerate company conglomerate . Gould is the current owner of a lead contaminated parcel of land in Throop, Pennsylvania , which it bought in the early 1980s from the former Marjol Battery and Equipment Company . Noted Products The Computer generated imagery Computer Generated Imagery for the title credits of the 80 s television show Amazing Stories TV series Amazing Stories was created using a Gould 9080 computer. External links Official http www.gould.com http www.gould.com about gould history index eng.html Company History Category Companies based in Chandler, Arizona Category Companies established in 1884 tech company stub ...   more details



  1. MAI Basic Four

    File Basic Four terminal.jpg right thumb Terminal for a MAI Basic Four minicomputer MAI Basic Four sometimes written as BasicFour or Basic 4 refers to a variety of Business Basic , the computers that ran it, and the company that sold them its name given variously as MAI Basic Four Inc., MAI Basic Four Information Systems, and MAI Systems Corporation . Basic Four Corporation was created as a subsidiary of Management Assistance, Inc. in Irvine, California . Basic Four sold small business minicomputers that were assembled from Microdata Corporation CPUs. MAI Basic Four Business Basic was one of the first commercially available business BASIC interpreters. MAI Basic Four the company originally sold minicomputer s but later offered superminicomputer s and microcomputer s. The computers ran a proprietary operating system, with the BASIC interpreter integrated. In 1988, Wall Street financier Bennett S. LeBow , who had acquired a controlling interest in the company, used it as a platform for an unsuccessful attempted hostile takeover of much larger Prime Computer . ref cite web url http query.nytimes.com gst fullpage.html?res 940DE0D8133CF937A15752C1A96E948260&n Top 2fReference 2fTimes 20Topics 2fPeople 2fL 2fLeBow 2c 20Bennett 20S. title COMPANY NEWS MAI Basic Pursues Prime Computer author Associated Press date November 24, 1988 work New York Times accessdate April 12, 2011 ref The Basic4 system was utilized by many small banks and credit unions. It was only when the system ran out of dates, due to a design flaw in the operating system, that the company died. Citation needed date April 2010 References Reflist External links http www.answers.com topic mai systems corporation History of MAI http www.obsoletecomputermuseum.org mai M.A.I. S10 Basic Four microcomputer system description Category BASIC interpreters Category Defunct computer companies of the United States de MAI Systems ...   more details



  1. Minisupercomputer

    Distinguish superminicomputer unreferenced date July 2008 Minisupercomputers constituted a short lived class of computer s that emerged in the mid 1980s. As scientific computing using vector processor s became more popular, the need for lower cost systems that might be used at the departmental level instead of the corporate level created an opportunity for new computer vendors to enter the market. As a generalization, the price targets for these smaller computers were one tenth of the larger supercomputer s. These computer systems were characterized by the combination of vector processing and small scale multiprocessing . Several notable technical, economic, and political attributes characterize minisupercomputers. First, they were architecturally more diverse than prior mainframes and minicomputers in hardware and less diverse in software. Second, advances in VLSI made them less expensive mini price . These machines were market targeted to be cost effective and quickly manufactured. Third, it is notable who did not manufacture minisupercomputers within the USA, IBM and the traditional mainframe makers, outside the USA the Japanese supercomputer vendors and Russia despite attempts to manufacture minicomputers . The appearance of even lower priced scientific computer workstation workstation s based on microprocessor s with high performance floating point unit s FPUs during the 1990s such as the MIPS Technologies MIPS R8000 , IBM POWER2 , and Weitek eroded the demand for this class of computer. The industry magazine Datamation coined the term crayette which in short order meant instruction set compatible to Cray Research , Inc. Notable minisupercomputer companies alphabetically Ametek Another Caltech Intel based hypercube Alliant Computer Systems founded 1982 as Dataflow Systems went bankrupt in 1992 American Supercomputer founded by Mike Flynn , failed 2nd round funding Astronautics Corporation of America Astronautics Division founded by Jim Smith, U. Wisc. BBN Butterfly ...   more details



  1. V-11

    all.jsp?arnumber 1156648 A VLSI superminicomputer CPU . ISSCC Digest of Technical Papers 174&ndash ...   more details



  1. List of computer size categories

    refimprove date July 2008 This list of computer size categories attempts to list commonly used categories of computer by size, in descending order of size. Of course, one generation s supercomputer is the next generation s mainframe , and a PDA does not have the same set of functions as a laptop , but the list should have some recognition value. It also ranks some more obscure computer sizes. Computer form factors Supercomputer s Minisupercomputer Mainframe computer s Main frame computer is a large,expensive,but powerful computer that can handle hundreds and thousands of connected users at the same time. Minicomputer s Superminicomputer Minicluster SFF ITX ref http www.linuxdevices.com articles AT2143783710.html minicluster ref Server computer Server Workstation Microcomputer s Tower PC Mid Tower PC Mini Tower PC Server computer Server Workstation Personal computer PC Desktop computer see computer form factor for some standardized sizes of desktop computers Home computer Mobile computing Mobile computers Desktop replacement computer or desknote Laptop Laptop computer Notebook computer Subnotebook computer, also known as a Kneetop computer clamshell varieties may also be known as minilaptop or ultraportable laptop computers Tablet computer Tablet personal computer slabtop computers including word processing keyboards and the TRS 80 Model 100 Handheld computer s, which include the classes Ultra mobile PC Ultra mobile personal computer , or UMPC Personal digital assistant or enterprise digital assistant , which include handheld PC HandheldPC or palmtop Palmtop computer pocket PC Pocket personal computer Electronic organizer Pocket computer Calculator , which includes the class Graphing calculator Scientific calculator Programmable calculator Accounting Financial Calculator Handheld game console Portable media player Portable data terminal Information appliance Q Smartphone , QWERTY Smartphone a class of mobile phone Smartphone , a class of mobile phone Wearable compute ...   more details



  1. MicroVAX 78032

    The MicroVAX 78032 otherwise known as the DC333 is a microprocessor developed and fabricated by Digital Equipment Corporation DEC that implemented a subset of the VAX instruction set architecture ISA . The 78032 was used exclusively in DEC s VAX based systems, starting with the MicroVAX MicroVAX II in 1985. When clocked at a frequency of 5 MHz, the 78032 s integer performance is comparable to the VAX 11 VAX 11 780 superminicomputer, which was introduced on 25 October 1977. ref name dtj 78032 cite journal last Dobberpuhl first Daniel W. coauthors et al. date 1986 title The MicroVAX 78032 Chip, A 32 Bit Microprocessor journal Digital Technical Journal publisher Digital Equipment Corporation volume 1 issue 2 ref The microprocessor could be paired with the MicroVAX 78132 floating point accelerator for improved floating point performance. Image MME U80701FC hires.jpg right thumb 180px The rare U80701 was the first 32 Bit microprocessor manufactured in the German Democratic Republic GDR and is pin compatible to DEC 78032. The 78032 represented a number of firsts for DEC. It was DEC s first single chip microprocessor implementation of the VAX ISA and DEC s first self fabricated microprocessor. The MicroVAX 78032 is also notable as it was the first semiconductor device to be registered for protection under the Semiconductor Chip Protection Act of 1984 . The MicroVAX 78032 contains 125,000 transistors on a 8.7 by 8.6  mm 74.82  mm sup 2 sup Die integrated circuit die that was fabricated in DEC s ZMOS process, a 3.0  m NMOS logic process with two layers of aluminum interconnect. The die is packaged in a 68 pin surface mount ed Chip carrier leaded chip carrier . MicroVAX 78132 The MicroVAX 78132 otherwise known as the DC337 is a floating point coprocessor for the MicroVAX 78032 microprocessor. It interfaces to the MicroVAX 78032 via the DAL bus and a few control lines. The MicroVAX 78132 was responsible for executing 61 out of 70 floating point instructions define ...   more details



  1. Supermini

    File Fiat 127 1 v sst.jpg thumb A Fiat 127 1971 , was just 3.59 meters long File Fiat Punto Evo Sport front 20100402.jpg thumb A Fiat Punto Evo 2009 , 4.06 meters long Refimprove date November 2007 about the automobile class the minicomputer category Superminicomputer A supermini is a British term that describes automobile s larger than a city car but smaller than a small family car . This car class is also known as the B segment across Europe, and as subcompact in North America. Through years the cars in this segment have increased considerably in size in the 2005 was born Fiat Grande Punto , the first car in this category exceeds 4 meters in length, which is why the Italy Italian carmaker Fiat decided to call it Grande in Italian languages Italian Big In 2008, the best selling cars in the Czech Republic , France, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia and Slovenia were all superminis. Citation needed date October 2009 Overall in 2008, of the fifteen best selling types of car in Europe, seven were superminis. Superminis are usually available in hatchback body styles. Origins of the term supermini Image 1963 MkI Mini.jpg thumb right 200px The original Mini A 1963 Austin Super Deluxe The term supermini used in relation to automobiles appears in the British magazine The Economist in 1978. Describing a proposed new car from Lada as a front wheel drive supermini the size and a near copy of a Ford Fiesta. ref name Economist Citation title Russian Cars The Saabovitch? year 1978 location London volume 269 page 89 oclc 1081684 ref In October 1985, the influential Which? Consumers Association used the term in its annual Car Buying Guide. Because the term was a new one, it gave an explanation at the start of a section entitled Small Hatchbacks . It said small hatchbacks were known popularly as superminis and while similar to the Mini they were more spacious inside and more versatile. This definition made clear that a supermini was something larger than a ...   more details



  1. Minicomputer

    performance 32 bit minis were often referred to as superminicomputer supermini s. At the launch of the MITS ... 1980s Charles Babbage Institute History of computing hardware 1960s present Superminicomputer ...   more details



  1. Dave Cutler

    was accepted. The Star and Starlet projects culminated in the development of the VAX 11 780 superminicomputer ...   more details



  1. Norsk Data

    see below from 1971 NORD 5 , 32 bit Superminicomputer supermini launched in 1972 NORD 9 NORD 10 , 16 ...   more details



  1. Retrocomputing

    Image Apple II.jpg thumb 300px The 1977 Apple II, popular among retrocomputing hobbyists. Multiple issues context July 2008 refimprove July 2008 more footnotes May 2010 Retrocomputing is the use of older computer computer hardware hardware and computer software software today. Retrocomputing is usually classed as a hobby and recreation rather than a practical application of technology enthusiasts often collect rare and valuable hardware and software for sentimental reasons. However, some do make use of it. ref name catb http www.catb.org retro The Retrocomputing Museum ref Retrocomputing often gets its start when a computer user realizes that formerly expensive fantasy systems like IBM Mainframes , DEC Superminicomputer Supermini s, SGI workstation s and Cray Supercomputer s have become affordable on the used computer market, usually in a relatively short time after the computers era of use. Many people have personal computer museum s, with collections of working vintage computers such as Apple II s, IBM PC s, ZX Spectrum s, Atari , Commodore International Commodore , Amiga s and BBC Micro s. Early personal computer s based on the S 100 bus are also very popular among collectors, as well as a wide variety of machines running the CP M operating system , such as Kaypro s and Osborne Computer Corporation Osborne s. However, many users use emulator emulation software on more modern computers rather than using real hardware, in order to enjoy the experience, while preserving the aging electronics of the original. This is not considered to be retrocomputing by some, as it is rather an application of modern computer hardware. A third option is the use of home computer remake s, dedicated appliances, which do the emulation using dedicated hardware. File Retrocomputing 2010 Athens Greece.jpg thumb A 2010 retrocomputing event in Athens Historical retrocomputing A more serious line of retrocomputing is part of the history of computer hardware . It can be seen as the analogue o ...   more details



  1. HLH Orion

    Citations missing date June 2011 The Orion was a series of 32 bit super minicomputer s designed and produced in the 1980s by High Level Hardware Limited HLH , a company based in Oxford , United Kingdom UK . The company produced four versions of the machine The original Orion , sometimes referred to as the Microcodeable Orion . The Orion 1 05 , in which the microcodeable CPU was replaced with the much faster Fairchild Semiconductor Fairchild Clipper architecture Clipper RISC C 100 processor providing approximately 5.5 MIPS of integer performance and 1 Mflop of double precision floating point performance. The Orion 1 07 which offered approximately 33 greater performance over the 1 05 7.3 MIPS and 1.33 Mflops . The Orion 1 10 based on a later generation C 300 Clipper from the Advanced Processor Division at Intergraph Corporation that required extensive cooling. The Orion 1 10 offered a further 30 improvement for integer and single precision floating point operations and over 150 improvement for double precision floating point 10 MIPS and 3 Mflops . All four machines employed the same I O sub system. Background High Level Hardware was an independent British company formed in early 1982 by David G. Small and Timothy B. Robinson. David Small was previously a founder shareholder and director of Oxford based Research Machines Limited. Both partners were previously senior members of Research Machine s Special Projects Group. In 1984, as a result of that research, High Level Hardware launched the Orion, a high performance, microcodeable, UNIX superminicomputer targeted particularly at scientific applications such as mathematical modeling , artificial intelligence and symbolic algebra . In April 1987 High Level Hardware introduced a series of Orions based upon the Fairchild Clipper processor but abandoned the hardware market in late 1989 to concentrate on high end Apple Macintosh sales. Microcodeable Orion The original Orion employed a processor architecture based on Am2900 se ...   more details



  1. Prime Computer

    32 bit superminicomputer s. Prime 750 systems were installed at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory RAL ...   more details



  1. PDP-10

    and influence The PDP 10 was eventually eclipsed by the VAX superminicomputer machines descendants ...   more details



  1. VAX

    . VAX Superminicomputer supermini s were very popular in the early 1980s. For a while the VAX 11 780 ...   more details



  1. Pacific Data Images

    superminicomputer called the Ridge32. This machine was 2 4 times faster than the VAX 11 780 at a fraction ...   more details



  1. PDP-11

    eXtension overcame the 16 bit limitation, but was initially a superminicomputer aimed at the high end ...   more details



  1. Timeline of computing 1950?1979

    NOR Norsk Data launches the Nord 5, the first 32 bit Superminicomputer supermini computer. valign ...   more details



  1. Data General

    announced the VAX series, their first 32 bit minicomputer line, described as Superminicomputer ...   more details



  1. Digital Equipment Corporation

    widely used 32 bit minicomputer, sometimes referred to as Superminicomputer superminis ... computer to use a VAX CPU was the VAX 11 780 , which DEC referred to as a superminicomputer . Although ...   more details




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