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Sibilant consonant





Encyclopedia results for Sibilant consonant

  1. Sibilant consonant

    Manner of articulation A sibilant is a manner of articulation of fricative and affricate consonant s, made ... refers to the psychoacoustics perceptual sound intensity intensity of the sound of a sibilant consonant ... up to around 8,000  Hz. Sibilant types All sibilants are coronal consonant s made with the tip ... consonant s for more information. Symbols in the IPA The following table shows the types of sibilant ... English words sip , zip , ship , chip , and Jeep , and the second consonant in vision . The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet used to denote the sibilant sounds in these words are, respectively ... the sound as an obstacle to the airstream. Non sibilant fricatives and affricates produce their characteristic ... of sibilant types that contrast in various languages. Acoustics Sibilants are louder than their non sibilant counterparts, and most of their acoustic energy occurs at higher frequencies than non sibilant ... variables affect sibilant sound quality, and, along with their possible values, are ordered ... as to produce an overall sharper or duller sound. For example, a laminal denti alveolar grooved sibilant occurs in Polish language Polish , and a subapical palatal retroflex sibilant occurs in Toda language ... consonant domed tongue convex and moderately palatalized . These sounds occur in English language ... and Almeria . In these dialects, the lisping sibilant IPA s sometimes indicated in Spanish dialectology ... . ref Speaking non technically, the retroflex consonant IPA sounds somewhat like a mixture between the regular English IPA of ship and a strong American r while the alveolo palatal consonant IPA ... on postalveolar consonant s. For tongue down laminal articulations, an additional distinction ... voiceless alveolar sibilant English language English span style color 700000 s span ip IPA IPA bold ... sibilant English language English span style color 700000 z span ip IPA IPA bold dark red z IPA p wiktionary zip zip Image Xsampa sslash.png voiceless alveolo palatal sibilant Mandarin Chinese Mandarin ...   more details



  1. Consonant

    for the alternative rock group Consonant band hatnote Not to be confused with the musical concept of Consonance and dissonance consonance Place of articulation In articulatory phonetics , a consonant is a speech ... to assign a unique and unambiguous symbol to each attested consonant. In fact, the English alphabet has fewer consonant letters than English has consonant sounds, so Digraph orthography digraph s like ... than one consonant. For example, the sound spelled th in this is a different consonant than the th ... consonant comes from Latin oblique stem c nsonant , from c nson ns littera sounding together letter ... , and the modern conception of consonant does not require cooccurrence with vowels. Letters main Writing system The word consonant is also used to refer to a Letter alphabet letter of an alphabet that denotes a consonant sound. Consonant letters in the English alphabet are B , C , D , F , G , H , J , K , L , M , N , P , Q , R , S , T , V , X , Z , and usually W and Y The letter Y stands for the consonant ... consonant and vowel, for examples W is almost always a consonant except in rare words mostly loanword ..., where C stands for consonant and V stands for vowel. This can be argued to be the only pattern found ... between consonant and vowel is not always clear cut there are syllabic consonants and non syllabic ... consonant, IPA t t , or a rhotic vowel, IPA t t Some distinguish an approximant ..., with IPA f ks to build and IPA ps ks to pull . Features Manner of articulation Each spoken consonant ... is how air escapes from the vocal tract when the consonant or approximant vowel like sound ... tract the obstruction of the consonant occurs, and which speech organs are involved. Places include bilabial consonant bilabial both lips , alveolar consonant alveolar tongue against the gum ridge , and velar consonant velar tongue against soft palate . In addition, there may be a simultaneous ... of a consonant is how the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation. When the vocal cords ...   more details



  1. Fricative consonant

    Manner of articulation Refimprove date October 2007 Fricatives are consonant s produced by forcing air ... the soft palate , in the case of German language German IPA x , the final consonant of Bach or the side ... of fricatives are the sibilant s . When forming a sibilant, one still is forcing air through a narrow ... , or as in e.g. Uralic languages Uralic linguistics to refer to non sibilant fricatives only. The latter can be used synonymously with sibilant , but some authors include also Labiodental consonant labiodental and or Uvular consonant uvular fricatives in the class. Sibilant fricatives IPA s voiceless alveolar fricative voiceless coronal sibilant , as in English sip IPA z voiced alveolar fricative voiced coronal sibilant , as in English zip IPA s alveolar ejective fricative ejective coronal sibilant IPA s Wikipedia talk Articles for creation Voiceless dental sibilant voiceless dental sibilant IPA z voiced dental sibilant IPA s voiceless apicoalveolar fricative voiceless apical sibilant IPA z voiced apicoalveolar fricative voiced apical sibilant IPA s voiceless postalveolar fricative voiceless postalveolar sibilant laminal consonant laminal IPA z voiced postalveolar fricative voiced postalveolar sibilant laminal IPA voiceless postalveolar fricative voiceless palato alveolar sibilant domed consonant domed , partially palatalized , as in English ship IPA voiced postalveolar fricative voiced palato alveolar sibilant domed, partially palatalized , as the s in English vision IPA voiceless alveolo palatal fricative voiceless alveolo palatal sibilant laminal, palatalized IPA voiced alveolo palatal fricative voiced alveolo palatal sibilant laminal, palatalized IPA voiceless retroflex fricative voiceless retroflex sibilant apical consonant apical or subapical consonant subapical IPA voiced retroflex fricative voiced retroflex sibilant apical or subapical All sibilants are coronal consonant coronal , but may be dental consonant dental , alveolar consonant alveolar , postalveolar ...   more details



  1. Coronal consonant

    IPA n align center IPA n align center IPA n align center IPA Lateral consonant Lateral align ... places of articulation include the dental consonant s at the upper tooth teeth , the alveolar consonant s at the upper gingiva gum the alveolar ridge , the various postalveolar consonant s domed palato alveolar, laminal alveolo palatal consonant alveolo palatal , and apical retroflex just behind that, the true retroflex consonant s curled back against the hard palate , and linguolabial consonant ..., alveolo palatal, retroflex IPA br Symbol Name of the consonant Example IPA height 32 IPA ... Spanish pe font color FF0000 r font o IPA pe o See also Peripheral consonant s, the set of non coronal consonants Apical consonant Laminal consonant Subapical consonant Place of articulation List of phonetics ... ru simple Coronal consonant sv Koronal konsonant zh ...   more details



  1. Voiceless dental sibilant

    Infobox IPA ipa symbol s The voiceless dental sibilant is a type of consonant al sound, used in some Speech communication spoken language s. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is IPA s , a combination of the letter for the voiceless alveolar sibilant and a diacritic indicating dental articulation. Features Features of the voiceless dental sibilant sibilant dental voiceless oral fricative pulmonic Occurrence class wikitable style text align center colspan 2 Language Word International Phonetic Alphabet IPA Meaning Notes colspan 2 Scottish Gaelic lang gd Scottish Gaelic alphabet S l inte IPA s a nt cheers align left See Scottish Gaelic phonology . colspan 2 Spanish language Spanish lang gd Spanish alphabet e s tar IPA e s t ar to be align left Allophonic.Ocours before dental plosives.See Spanish phonology . colspan 2 align center Toda language Toda ref Harvcoltxt Ladefoged 2005 p 168 ref colspan 2 align center example needed date January 2012 align center Contrasts with a non sibilant and a sibilant dental africate ts See also List of phonetic topics References Reflist http en.wikipedia.org wiki Wikipedia IPA for Scottish Gaelic http en.wikipedia.org wiki Scottish Gaelic phonology Consonants http en.wikipedia.org wiki Scottish Gaelic orthography Consonants http en.wikipedia.org wiki Spanish phonology Phonetic notes http en.wikipedia.org wiki Sibilant consonant Possible combinations IPA navigation Category Consonants ...   more details



  1. Bidental consonant

    Place of articulation Bidental consonants are consonants pronounced with both the lower and upper teeth. They are normally found only in speech pathology . The Extensions to the IPA symbol is both a superscript and a subscript bridge, &thinsp IPA   &thinsp . Besides interdental consonant s such as IPA n , which involve the tongue, there is at least one confirmed attestation of a true bidental consonant in normal language. The Black Sea sub dialect of the Shapsug dialect of Adyghe language Adyghe has a voiceless bidental fricative voiceless bidental non sibilant fricative where other dialects have IPA x , such as x six and dax pretty . Therefore it might best be transcribed phonemically as IPA x . However, there is no frication at the soft palate velum . The teeth themselves are the only constriction The lips are fully open, the teeth clenched and the tongue flat, the air passing between the teeth the sound is intermediate between IPA and IPA f L&M 1996 144 145 . This can be transcribed phonetically as IPA h , since IPA h has no place of articulation of its own. The Extensions to the IPA specify one other purely bidental consonant sound, the bidental percussive . References SOWL Category Dental consonants phonetics stub br Kensonenn daouzant lv Bident ls l dzskanis ms Konsonan dwigigi ...   more details



  1. Interdental consonant

    , so that the blade is visible between the teeth and denti alveolar consonant denti alveolar , that is, with both ..., as in French t , d , n , l . See also Bidental consonant References SOWL Category Phonetics br ...   more details



  1. Consonant harmony

    Sound change Consonant harmony is a type of long distance phonology phonological assimilation linguistics assimilation akin to the similar assimilatory process involving vowel s, i.e. vowel harmony . Examples A good discussion of consonant harmony typology is found in Rose and Walker s 2004 paper in the journal Language . A Typology of Consonant Agreement as Correspondence. One of the more common harmony processes is coronal harmony . This type of harmony affects the coronal fricatives, such as s and sh in a word, requiring all the coronal fricatives in the word to belong either to the Alveolar consonant anterior class s like sounds or the Postalveolar consonant anterior class sh like sounds . Such patterns are found in the Dene Athabaskan languages such as Navajo language Navajo Young and Morgan 1987, McDonough 2003 , Tahltan Shaw 1991 , Western Apache language Western Apache , and in Chumashan languages Chumash on the California coast Applegate 1972, Campbell 1997 , to name a few examples ... consonant alveolar fricative , as in the following forms unicode s ik a container and its ... rigid inanimate objects are in position Thus all the sibilant obstruents fricatives and affricates ..., as in most languages with consonant harmony, there is a constraint on the shape of roots ... word, even at a distance. Various Austronesian languages exhibit consonant harmony among the liquid consonant s, with r assimilating at a distance to l or vice versa. Guaran language Guaran ... includes a nasal vowel or consonant or not. For instance, the reflexive prefix is realized as oral ... Finnish does have one native voiced consonant voiced stop consonant stop , d , but it is not subject ... 51. LINCOM. Rose, S. and R. Walker 2004 . A Typology of Consonant Agreement as Correspondence .... 1991 . Consonant harmony systems the special status of coronal harmony. The special status of Coronal ..., University of New Mexico Press. DEFAULTSORT Consonant Harmony Category Assimilation linguistics ...   more details



  1. Postalveolar consonant

    among the sibilant s. The three primary types are palato alveolar consonant palato alveolar e.g. IPA , weakly palatalized alveolo palatal consonant alveolo palatal e.g. IPA , strongly palatalized and retroflex consonant retroflex e.g. IPA , unpalatalized . The palato alveolar and alveolo ... palatal consonant s. Sibilant postalveolars The sibilant postalveolars i.e. fricative consonant fricative s and affricate consonant affricate s are sometimes called hush consonants because they include ...Place of articulation Postalveolar consonants sometimes spelled post alveolar are consonant s articulated ... the alveolar consonant s, which are at the ridge itself, but not as far back as the hard palate the place of articulation for palatal consonant s . Examples of postalveolar consonants are the English language English palato alveolar consonant s IPA t d , as in the words sh ill , ch ill , vi ... e.g. the soft palate velar consonant s or between the teeth for interdental consonant s , along with any ... raising of the front of the tongue . From least to most palatalized, these are retroflex consonant retroflex e.g. IPA , unpalatalized palato alveolar consonant palato alveolar e.g. IPA , weakly palatalized and alveolo palatal consonant alveolo palatal e.g. IPA , strongly palatalized .... Speaking non technically, the retroflex consonant IPA sounds somewhat like a mixture between ... forcefully and with a strong American r while the alveolo palatal consonant IPA sounds like a strongly ... convex bend. The following table shows the three types of postalveolar sibilant fricatives defined ... is whether the contact occurs with the very tip of the tongue an apical consonant apical articulation IPA with the surface just above the tip, called the blade of the tongue a laminal consonant laminal articulation IPA or with the underside of the tip a subapical consonant subapical articulation ... region, ranging from as far back as the palatal consonant hard palate to as far forward as the alveolar ...   more details



  1. Labiovelar consonant

    The term labiovelar may refer to a labial velar consonant such as IPA k p a consonant made at two places of articulation, one at the lips and the other at the soft palate a labialized velar consonant such as IPA k or IPA w a consonant with an approximant like secondary articulation a velarized bilabial consonant such as IPA p or IPA m , also a consonant with an approximant like secondary articulation disambig ...   more details



  1. Affricate consonant

    Manner of articulation IPA chart affricate consonants with audio Affricates are consonant s that begin as stop consonant stops most often an alveolar consonant alveolar , such as IPA t or IPA d but release as a fricative consonant fricative such as IPA s or IPA z or occasionally into a fricative trill consonant trill rather than directly into the following vowel. Samples The English language English sounds spelled ch and j transcribed IPA t and IPA d in International Phonetic Alphabet IPA , German language German and Italian language Italian z IPA ts and Italian language Italian z IPA dz are typical affricates. These sounds are fairly common in the world s languages, as are other affricates with similar sounds, such as those in Polish language Polish and Chinese language Chinese . However, other than IPA d , voiced affricates are relatively uncommon. For several places of articulation they are not attested at all. Much less common are Labiodental consonant labiodental affricates, such as IPA p f in German and Izi language Izi , or Velar consonant velar affricates, such as IPA k x in Tswana ... have affricates in these positions, even though the corresponding stop consonant s IPA p , k are virtually universal. Also less common are alveolar affricates where the fricative is lateral consonant ... need confirmation. Sibilant affricates class wikitable Sound voiceless IPA Languages Sound voiced ... only has one type of affricate, it is usually a sibilant this is the case in e.g. some Arabic ... language Thai IPA t . Non sibilant affricates class wikitable Sound Voiceless IPA Languages Sound ... The more common of the voiceless affricates are all attested as ejective consonant ejectives ... X are reported to have voiced ejective affricates, but these may actually be consonant clusters ... Society of America , 120 3 , 1600 1607. refend See also Apical consonant Hush consonant Laminal consonant ... affricates Affricates in English IPA navigation DEFAULTSORT Affricate Consonant Category Affricates ...   more details



  1. Dental consonant

    Infobox IPA above Dental ipa symbol Place of articulation A dental consonant is a consonant articulated with the tongue against the upper teeth, such as IPA t , IPA d , IPA n , and IPA l in some languages. Dentals are primarily distinguished from sounds in which contact is made with the tongue and the Gingiva gum ridge, as in English see Alveolar consonant , due to the acoustic similarity of the sounds and the fact that in the Roman alphabet they are generally written using the same symbols t , d , n , and so on . In the International Phonetic Alphabet , the diacritic for dental consonant is IPA diacritic description 032A COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW . Dentals cross linguistically For many languages, such as Albanian language Albanian , Irish language Irish or Russian language Russian , velarization is generally associated with more dental articulations of coronal consonants so that velarized consonants such as Albanian IPA tend to be dental or denti alveolar while non velarized consonants ... speaker, the alveolar IPA t and IPA d of English sound more like the corresponding retroflex consonant ... t and IPA d are laminal denti alveolar consonant denti alveolar ref Harvcoltxt Mart nez Celdr n Fern ndez ... to the place of articulation of a following consonant. Likewise, Italian language Italian IPA ... and IPA l and IPA n become denti alveolar before a following dental consonant. ref Harvcoltxt Rogers ... space of resonance and will give a consonant its characteristic sound. ref SOWL ref In the case of French ... dental sibilant fricative Polish language Polish ko span style color 700000 s span a IPA k span style color 700000 IPA s span IPA a scythe style height 4em big IPA z big voiced dental sibilant ... fine See also Denti alveolar consonant Place of articulation List of phonetics topics References ... S0025100304001628 IPA navigation DEFAULTSORT Dental Consonant Category Consonants af Dentaal ... simple Dental consonant sr fi Dentaali sv Dental konsonant uk ...   more details



  1. Alveolar consonant

    consonant palato alveolar sh , or retroflex . To disambiguate, the bridge IPA s , t , n , l , etc. may be used for a dental consonant, or the retracted phonetics under bar IPA s , t , n , l , etc. may be used for the postalveolar consonant postalveolar s. Note that IPA s differs from dental IPA in that the former is a sibilant consonant sibilant and the latter is not. IPA s differs from postalveolar ... be too broad to distinguish dental from alveolar. If it is necessary to specify a consonant as alveolar ... ro Consoan alveolar ru simple Alveolar consonant sv Alveolar konsonant ta ...   more details



  1. Laryngeal consonant

    A laryngeal consonant is generally synonymous with a glottal consonant that is, with IPAblink h , IPAblink , and IPAblink . Besides the glottis vocal folds , the larynx includes the epiglottis and aryepiglottic folds , though epiglottal consonant epiglottal and aryepiglottal consonant s are usually counted as radical consonant radical rather than as laryngeal. However, the diversity of sounds produced in the larynx is the subject of ongoing research, and the terminology is evolving. The term laryngeal consonant is also used for laryngealization laryngealized consonants articulated in the upper vocal tract, such as Arabic phonology Arabic emphatic consonant emphatics and Korean phonology Korean Faucalized voice tense consonants. Category Consonants ling stub ...   more details



  1. Retroflex consonant

    as well. Types of retroflex consonants Retroflex consonants, like other coronal consonant s, come in several ..., both sibilant lcons fricative or lcons affricate and nonsibilant lcons stop , lcons nasal , lcons ... between the vowel and consonant. Apical alveolar, with a somewhat concave tongue. These occur ... of the voiceless alveolar sibilant English IPA s . Occurrence Although data is not precise, about ... Pacific notably New Caledonia . Here, most languages have retroflex plosives, nasal consonant nasal and approximant consonant approximants . Retroflex consonants are relatively rare among European ... of r plus a coronal consonant may be replaced by the coronal s retroflex equivalent, e.g. ... Midwestern United States . Polish and Russian possess retroflex sibilant s, but no stops or liquids ... consonants are typically the same as for the alveolar consonant s, but with the addition of a right ... Place of articulation Hush consonant List of phonetics topics References reflist IPA navigation ...   more details



  1. Nasal consonant

    Manner of articulation A nasal consonant is a consonant where the airflow is directed through the nose. These are generally assumed to be nasal stop s. However, in some languages, such as Portuguese language Portuguese , a nasal consonant may have stop and non stop allophone s. In general, therefore, a nasal consonant may be a nasal stop nasal occlusive , such as English m, n, ng a nasal approximant , as in Portuguese phonology Brazilian Portuguese nh a nasal flap consonant flap , such as the nasal retroflex lateral flap in Pashto language Pashto a nasal click , such as Zulu nq, nx, nc other nasalization nasalized consonants, such as prenasalized plosive s and nasalized fricative s IPA navigation Category Nasal consonants ...   more details



  1. Depressor consonant

    A depressor consonant is a consonant that depresses lowers the tone linguistics tone of its or a neighboring syllable. This is a consequence of the phonation type of voicing of the consonant. The Nguni languages of South Africa are well known for the lowering effects of certain consonants on tone, as are the Wu Chinese Wu dialects of Chinese. Specific examples of these are Zulu language Tone Zulu and Shanghainese Tones Shanghainese . See also tonogenesis ling stub Category Consonants ...   more details



  1. Voiceless alveolar retracted sibilant

    apical alveolar apico alveolar sibilant sibilant alveolar It is normally apical consonant ...Merge to voiceless alveolar sibilant date May 2011 infobox IPA ipa number decimal1 U 0073 U 033A decimal2 ipa symbol s , , S ipa image x sampa kirshenbaum See also voiceless alveolar fricative The voiceless alveolar retracted sibilant commonly termed the voiceless apico alveolar sibilant is a fricative that is articulated with the tongue in a hollow shape, and usually with tip of the tongue Apex of the tongue apex against the alveolar ridge . It is a linguistically unusual sibilant sound that is found most notably in a number of languages in a linguistic area covering northern and central Iberia , and is most well known from its occurrence in the Spanish language Spanish of this area. In the Middle Ages, it occurred in a wider area, covering Romance languages spoken throughout France , Portugal ... June 2011 IPA , however, is a common transcription of the retroflex sibilant IPA voiceless retroflex sibilant . Often, to speakers of languages or dialects that do not have the sound, it is said to have ... dialects of Modern Greek language Modern Greek have a very similar sounding sibilant that is pronounced ... alveolar sibilant in Astur Leonese linguistic group Astur Leonese , Castilian Spanish , Catalan ... language Mirandese , where it is opposed to a different voiceless alveolar sibilant, the more common ... 1975 In all of these languages, the retracted apico alveolar sibilant was opposed to a non retracted sibilant much like English IPA s , and in many of them, both voiceless and voiced versions of both ... s , but some were backed to become IPA initially before a consonant, and following IPA r in many modern High German dialects, also non initially before a consonant . Because of the widespread medieval ... Paisa dialect See also Voiceless alveolar sibilant List of phonetics topics Notes reflist References ... 2001 title Coarticulation, Assimilation and Blending in Catalan Consonant Clusters journal Journal ...   more details



  1. Subapical consonant

    A subapical consonant is a consonant made by contact with the underside of the tip of the tongue. The only common subapical articulations are in the postalveolar consonant postalveolar to palatal consonant palatal region, which are called retroflex consonant retroflex . However, most so called retroflex consonants are actually apical consonant apical . True subapical retroflexes are found in the Dravidian languages of southern India . Occasionally the term sublaminal is used for subapical. However, that term might be better used for rare sounds pronounced between the underside of the tongue and the floor of the mouth, such as the sublaminal lower alveolar click pronounced between the tongue and the lower gums, symbolized by a IPA in the Extensions to the IPA Extended IPA . References Peter Ladefoged Ian Maddieson. The Sounds of the World s Languages. Oxford Blackwell 1996. ISBN 0 631 19814 8. Sanford B. Steever ed. . The Dravidian Languages. Routledge. New edition 2006. ISBN 978 0415412674. Ling stub Category Consonants br Kensonenn isbeg an teod eo Subapikalo it Consonante subapicale ...   more details



  1. Pulmonic consonant

    A pulmonic consonant is a consonant produced by air pressure from the lungs, as opposed to ejective consonant ejective , implosive consonant implosive and click consonant s. Most languages have only pulmonic consonants. Ian Maddieson, in his survey of 566 languages, ref Ian Maddieson 2008 Glottalic Consonants . In Martin Haspelmath & Matthew S. Dryer & David Gil & Bernard Comrie eds. The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Munich Max Planck Digital Library, chapter 7. Available online at http wals.info feature 7. Accessed on 18 January 2011 ref ref Ian Maddieson 2008 Presence of Uncommon Consonants . In Martin Haspelmath & Matthew S. Dryer & David Gil & Bernard Comrie eds. The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Munich Max Planck Digital Library, chapter 19. Available online at http wals.info feature 19. Accessed on 18 January 2011 ref found that only 152 had ejectives, implosives, or clicks or two or three of these types that is, 73 of the world s extant languages have only pulmonic consonants. See glottalic consonant s and click consonant s for more information on the distribution of nonpulmonic consonants. See also Ejective consonant Implosive consonant Click consonant Airstream mechanism References Reflist Bibliography Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie 2005 The World Atlas of Language Structures . Oxford Univ Press, 712pp, 495.00, ISBN 978 0 19 925591 7. This book and CD apparently contain the same information as http wals.info . Ling stub Category Consonants he ...   more details



  1. Oral consonant

    Unreferenced date December 2009 An oral consonant is a consonant sound speech sound in Speech communication speech that is made by allowing air to escape from the mouth, as opposed to the nose. To create an intended oral consonant sound, the entire mouth plays a role in modifying the air s passageway. This rapid modification of the air passageway using the tongue and lips makes changes to the waveform of the sound by compressing and expanding the air. In addition to the nose and mouth, the vocal cords and lungs also make a contribution to producing speech by controlling the volume amplitude and pitch music pitch frequency of the sound. The use of the vocal cords will also determine whether the consonant is Voice phonetics voiced or voiceless . The vast majority of consonants are oral consonants, such as, for example IPA p , w , v or IPA x . The others are nasal, such as the nasal stop s IPA m or IPA . See also nasal consonant manner of articulation list of phonetics topics DEFAULTSORT Oral Consonant Category Consonants br Kensonenn dre c heno fr Consonne orale it Consonante orale lv Or ls l dzskanis nl Orale medeklinker ja ro Consoan oral ...   more details



  1. Radical consonant

    Place of articulation Radical consonants are those consonants articulated with the root base of the tongue in the throat . This includes the pharyngeal consonant pharyngeal , epiglottal consonant epiglottal , and epiglotto pharyngeal consonant epiglotto pharyngeal places of articulation, though technically epiglottal consonants take place in the larynx . The term radical was coined to help disambiguate pharyngeal , which had come to mean any consonant articulated in the throat, whether the articulator was the back of the tongue high pharyngeals or the epiglottis low pharyngeals . However, the term pharyngeal is still commonly used in the broader sense, and authors such as Miller 2005 prefer guttural , which may include glottal consonant s as well. See also Place of articulation Index of phonetics articles References SOWL Miller, Amanda 2005 , Guttural vowels and guttural co articulation in Ju hoansi . Journal of Phonetics, vol. 35, Issue 1, January 2007, pp 56 84. Category Consonants br Kensonenn gwrizienn an teod de Radikal Phonetik es Consonante radical eo Radikalo fonetiko lv Radik ls l dzskanis nl Radicaal fonetiek ja simple Radical consonant sv Radikal konsonant zh ...   more details



  1. Labial consonant

    . In the languages of the Caucasus labialized dorsal consonant dorsals like k and q are very common. Very few languages, however, make a distinction purely between bilabial consonant bilabials and labiodental consonant labiodentals , making labial usually a sufficient specification of a language ... Labiaal no Labialer pl Sp g oska wargowa pt Consoante labial ru simple Labial consonant ...   more details



  1. Consonant cluster

    Refimprove date April 2008 IPA notice lang en In linguistics , a consonant cluster or consonant blend is a group of consonant s which have no intervening vowel . In English, for example, the groups IPA spl and IPA ts are consonant clusters in the word splits . Some linguists argue that the term can only be properly applied to those consonant clusters that occur within one syllable . Others contend that the concept is more useful when it includes consonant sequences across syllable boundaries. According to the former definition, the longest consonant clusters in the word extra would be IPA ks and IPA ... Languages phonotactics differ as to what consonant clusters they permit. Many languages forbid consonant ... of consonant plus IPA j as in Tokyo IPA ja to kjo , the name of Japan s capital city. Across a syllable boundary, it also allows a sequence of a nasal stop plus another consonant, as in Honsh ... languages are more restrictive than English in terms of consonant clusters almost every Malayo Polynesian language forbids consonant clusters entirely. Tahitian language Tahitian , Samoan language Samoan and Hawaiian language Hawaiian are all of this sort. Standard Arabic forbids initial consonant ... , although Modern Israeli Hebrew permits initial two consonant clusters e.g. pkak cap dlat pumpkin .... ref The extent of consonant clusters in Moroccan Arabic depends on the analysis. Richard Harrell ... languages, Khmer language Khmer permits only initial consonant clusters with up to three consonants in a row per syllable. Finnish language Finnish has initial consonant clusters natively only on South .... Most spoken languages and dialects, however, are more permissive. In Burmese language Burmese , consonant ... of Georgia are drastically more permissive of consonant clustering. Clusters in Georgian language Georgian ... trainer and IPA prt skvna peeling and if grammatical affixes are used, it allows an eight consonant ... , zmrzlina IPA zmr zl na , and blnknutie IPA bl knutje , but the liquid consonant s r and l can ...   more details



  1. Dorsal consonant

    Place of articulation Dorsal consonants are articulated with the mid body of the tongue the dorsum . They contrast with coronal consonant s articulated with the flexible front of the tongue, and radical consonant s articulated with the root of the tongue. Function The dorsum of the tongue can contact a broad region of the roof of the mouth, from the hard palate so called palatal consonant s , the flexible soft palate velum behind that velar consonant s , to the Palatine uvula uvula at the back of the mouth cavity uvular consonant s . These distinctions are not clear cut, and sometimes finer gradations such as pre palatal, pre velar, and post velar will be noted. Because the tip of the tongue can curl back to also contact the hard palate for retroflex consonant s, consonants produced by contact between the dorsum and the palate are sometimes called dorso palatal. In different languages The most common pronunciation of the English letter G as in the g arden or to g rab is dorsal, a voiced velar plosive . The pronunciation of the letters K, Q, and sometimes C as in the c ake or to c rawl is similarly dorsal, a voiceless velar plosive . Two English language English Approximant consonant approximant s, Y as in y ellow and W as in w hite, are also dorsal consonants, palatal and Labialisation labialised velar respectively. The German language German CH sound, found in Scottish English lo ch , is a dorsal Fricative consonant fricative . See also Place of articulation List of phonetics topics References SOWL Category Consonants br Kensonenn kein an teod de Dorsal Phonetik es Consonante dorsal eo Dorsalo fr Consonne dorsale gl Posterior ko lv Dors ls l dzskanis nl Dorsaal fonetiek ja no Dorsal fonetikk nn Dorsal pl Sp g oska tylnoj zykowa zh ...   more details




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